RARE, 1820's To American Civil War Era Model Of 1819 Hall's Percussion Carbine With Pivoting Breech. A 538 The M1819 Hall rifle was a single-shot breech loading rifle designed by John Hancock Hall, patented on 21st May 1811, and adopted by the U.S. Army in 1819. It was preceded by the Harpers Ferry Model 1803. It used a pivoting chamber breech design and was made with either flint-lock or percussion cap ignition systems. The main years of production were from the 1820s to the 1830s at the Harpers Ferry Arsenal. This was the first breech loading rifle to be adopted in large numbers by any Nation's army. The carbine design was produced beginning in 1833. The back several inches of the "barrel" (the chamber) is a separate piece that pivots upwards from the front for reloading. In essence the weapon was still loaded front to back, but in a short section, similar in concept to loading a cylinder of an early cap and ball revolver. breech loading designs would grow to dominate rifle procurement after the Civil War. Many of the lessons learned by Hall would benefit designers of the next generation of breech loaders such as the Sharps rifle (1848), Spencer carbine (1860) and others. The Halls were used in skirmishes during the Indians Wars and in smaller conflicts. Some saw service in the American Civil War. This is an original M1819 Hall's percussion carbine with pivoting breech. The metal is pitted throughout but there is no rust. It has all original wood work. The rarity value of this piece makes it desirable despite the condition of the metal work. It has a 23" barrel with clean smooth bore and measures 43" overall. It has a steel butt plate, trigger guard with extended tang, breech release catch, blade foresight and fixed 'notched bar' rear sight. It is also fitted with bayonet rings with leaf spring. The left side of the stock has a fixed saddle/ sling ring. The pivoting breech and firing mechanisms work correctly. Price for this rare piece of Firearms history includes UK delivery. NB As an antique obsolete calibre carbine no licence is required to own this item in the UK if retained as part of a collection or display. A 538.