~ Very Rare Royal Navy 1848 Pattern 1862 Dated Brunswick Rifle And Bayonet From Tower ~
This is the famous 1848 Pattern Brunswick Rifle, one of the several designs submitted to replace the Baker rifle.
This is the heavier version in .796 caliber and was produced for the Royal Navy.
The Pattern 1848 featured some minor improvements and its most preeminent one is that it uses an improved bayonet latch with the locking notch located halfway along the bayonet bar on its upper side.
Only a few batches of rifles produced for the British Army and even fewer for the Navy were fitted with this improvement.
The large calibre (.704) muzzle-loading percussion rifle manufactured for the British Army at the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield used a special round ball with raised ribs that fit into two spiralling grooves in the barrel (the Girdled bullet – the "belted round ball”.).
In December 1836, trials were conducted to compare the Brunswick rifle against the Baker rifle. The Brunswick rifle proved to be equally as accurate at shorter ranges, and more accurate at longer ranges. The Brunswick rifle also proved to require less cleaning than the Baker rifle. Evaluators also noted that the simplified two groove design of the Brunswick was likely to have a longer service life than the barrel of the Baker, and the Brunswick rifle was noted as being very rugged overall. In January 1837, the rifle was approved for production.
The rifle was issued to the Rifle Brigade, the Canadian Rifle Regiment and a few other specialised units.
The Pattern 1848 featured other minor improvements, and uses an improved bayonet latch with the locking notch located halfway along the bayonet bar on its upper side. Only a few batches of rifles produced for the British Army were fitted with this improvement.
The rifle was in service until 1885. Our example is marked with an inspector’s mark, ‘1862 Tower’ and ‘VR’ beneath the Crown.
The barrel has no less than 7 inspector’s proof marks on its top-left section.
The wooden stock but is also stamped with a pair of proof marks and the Birmingham arsenal stamp.
The right side of the butt is fitted with a two compartments patch box with a hinged brass lid for ammunition storage.
The ramrod pipes, trigger guard, and butt plate are all made of polished brass.
The Brunswick rifle is fitted with a front sight and a two position folding leaf rear sight which could be set for either 200 or 300 yards.
The rifle comes with its sword type bayonet which is mounted on a bayonet bar, similar to the design of that used on the Baker rifle.
The bayonet bar was relocated further back on this rifle due to problems that had been experienced with the Baker rifle.
The bayonet is serial numbered ‘1114’ and the blade is stamped on one side with an inspector’s mark crown above’E6’ and on the other one with ‘1, 18 and ES’.
The rifle also comes with its sling.
~ Dimensions ~
The barrel length is 30 inches (76 cm) and the overall length of the rifle is 45 ½ (115.5 cm).
The bayonet is 26.77 inches (68 cm long).
The set weighs 5 kg.
~ Condition ~
The bore is in good condition for its age with the minimum amount of inner pitting and minimal rust.
The overall condition of the rifle can be described as excellent though. Please refer to the pictures.
The bayonet is excellent too, free of any damage or significant wear.
The rifle half cocks, cocks and fires with ease.
~ Postage ~
UK postage can be arranged or it can be picked up from our shop in Portsmouth Historic Dockyard.